Republican virtues[ edit ] The colonial intellectual and political leaders in the s and s closely read history to compare governments and their effectiveness of rule. Country party philosophy relied heavily on the classical republicanism of Roman heritage; it celebrated the ideals of duty and virtuous citizenship in a republic. It drew heavily on ancient Greek city-state and Roman republican examples.
Abraham Lincoln16th President of the United States — and the first Republican President Founded in the Northern states in by anti-slavery activists, modernizers, ex- Whigs and ex- Free Soilersthe Republican Party quickly became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the briefly popular Know Nothing Party.
The main cause was opposition to the Kansas—Nebraska Actwhich repealed the Missouri Compromise by which slavery was kept out of Kansas. The Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement where the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party was held on March 20, in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin.
The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, Abraham Lincolnwas elected President. It oversaw the preserving of the Union, the end of slavery and the provision of equal rights to all men in the American Civil War and Reconstruction — Early Republican ideology was reflected in the slogan "free labor, free land, free men", which had been coined by Salmon P.
|What are You Studying?||The birth of the republican ideology, while impossible to place an exact date on, or even month, can be traced back more than a decade before the Revolutionary War. It can also be argued that this social machine began to function as a result of circumstances which led many colonist to choose to come to America.|
|Citation Information||Beginnings[ change change source ] The United States presidential election in did not have any political parties. There were four main candidates for president:|
|Joan Jett tops the pop charts with “I Love Rock ‘n’ Roll”||Republican virtues[ edit ] The colonial intellectual and political leaders in the s and s closely read history to compare governments and their effectiveness of rule.|
The party strove to contain the expansion of slavery, which would cause the collapse of the slave power and the expansion of freedom. Jennisonan anti-slavery militia leader associated with the Jayhawkers from Kansas and an early Republican politician in the region.
Representing the fast-growing Western states, Lincoln won the Republican nomination in and subsequently won the presidency. The party took on the mission of preserving the Union and destroying slavery during the American Civil War and over Reconstruction.
Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished and was continued mostly to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant ran Horace Greeley for the presidency.
Arthur pushed for reform of the civil service in Grant18th President of the United States — The Republican Party supported business generally, hard money i. The Republicans have strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition.
As the Northern post-bellum economy boomed with heavy and light industry, railroads, mines, fast-growing cities and prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. However, by the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers.
The high McKinley Tariff of hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections, even defeating McKinley himself.
The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in and The election of William McKinley in was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted except for and until McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Panic of and that Republicans would guarantee a sort of pluralism in which all groups would benefit.
By the s, they had adopted as well a hard money system based on the gold standard and fought off efforts to promote inflation through Free Silver. Fourth Party System and Progressive Era Theodore Roosevelt26th President of the United States — The realignment cemented the Republicans as the party of big business while Theodore Roosevelt added more small business support by his embrace of trust busting.
He handpicked his successor William Howard Taft inbut they became enemies as the party split down the middle.The Republican Ideology and the American Revolution The republican ideology is a facet of the social fabric of the colonial citizens of America that may, arguably, have had the greatest affect on the struggle for independence and the formation of a constitutional form of government in the United States.
The Great Republic: Presidents and States of the United States of America, and Comments on American History. Taking everything together then, I declare that our city is the School [or "Education"] of Greece [, tês Helládos Paídeusis], and I declare that in my opinion each single one of our citizens, in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to show himself the rightful lord and owner of.
American Republican Ideology Essay. Words 8 Pages. The republican ideology is a facet of the social fabric of the colonial citizens of America that may, arguably, have had the greatest affect on the struggle for independence and the formation of a constitutional form of government in the United States.
The birth of the republican ideology. By , the Republican Party had lost control of the South, He further stated that the United States could only achieve military victory by invading the North, but argued that such an.
The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States [Gordon S. Wood] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The preeminent historian of the Founding Era reflects on the birth of American nationhood and explains why the American Revolution remains so essential.
For Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Gordon S. Wood. The Second Party System is a name for the political party system in the United States during the s.
It is a phrase used by historians and political scientists used to describe the time period between and People quickly became more interested in voting starting in More people came to political rallies and showed up to vote on election day.