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Iwo Jima originally was not a target, but the relatively quick fall of the Philippines left the Americans with a longer-than-expected lull prior to the planned invasion of Okinawa.
Iwo Jima is located halfway between Japan and the Mariana Islandswhere American long-range bombers were based, and was used by the Japanese as an early warning stationradioing warnings of incoming American bombers to the Japanese homeland.
The Americans, after capturing the island, weakened the Japanese early warning system, and used it as an emergency landing strip for damaged bombers. Marines on the island described it as "a large, gray pork chop". Politically, the island is part of the prefecture of Tokyo.
It would be the first Japanese homeland soil to be captured by the Americans, and it was a matter of honor for the Japanese to prevent its capture. Tactically, the top of Suribachi was one of the most important locations on the island. The Japanese fought most of the battle from underground bunkers and pillboxes.
It was common for Marines to knock out one pillbox using grenades or a flamethroweronly to come under renewed fire from it a few minutes later, after more Japanese infantry slipped into the pillbox using a tunnel.
The American effort concentrated on isolating and capturing Suribachi first, a goal that was achieved on February 23, four days after the battle began. Despite capturing Suribachi, the battle continued to rage for many days, and the island would not be declared "secure" until 31 days later, on March The photograph Rosenthal took was actually of the second flag-raising in which a larger replacement flag was raised by Marines who did not raise the first flag.
Raising the first flag[ edit ] A U. Harold Schrier  kneeling behind radioman's legsPfc. Raymond Jacobs radioman reassigned from F CompanySgt. Henry "Hank" Hansen wearing cap, holding flagstaff with left handPlatoon Sgt. Ernest "Boots" Thomas seatedPvt. Phil Ward holding lower flagstaff with both handsPhM2c.
James Michels holding M1 Carbineand Cpl. Lindberg standing above Michels. Schrierexecutive officer of Easy Company, who had replaced the wounded Third Platoon commander, John Keith Wells volunteered to lead a man combat patrol up the mountain.
Despite the large numbers of Japanese troops in the immediate vicinity, Schrier's patrol made it to the rim of the crater at about The loud noise made by the servicemen and blasts of the ship horns alerted the Japanese, who up to this point had stayed in their cave bunkers.
Schrier and his men near the flagstaff then came under fire from Japanese troops, but the Marines quickly eliminated the threat. Lowery of Leatherneck magazinewho accompanied the patrol up the mountain, and other photographers.
The Secretary of the NavyJames Forrestalhad decided the previous night that he wanted to go ashore and witness the final stage of the fight for the mountain. Now, under a stern commitment to take orders from Howlin' Mad Smiththe secretary was churning ashore in the company of the blunt, earthy general.
Their boat touched the beach just after the flag went up, and the mood among the high command turned jubilant. Gazing upward, at the red, white, and blue speck, Forrestal remarked to Smith:Sep 04, - Rent from people in Marshall, NC from $20/night.
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The American Empire. By Wade Frazier. Revised July Purpose and Disclaimer. Timeline. Introduction.
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