According to Japanese historian Yoshiaki Yoshimihowever, the comfort stations did not solve, but aggravated the first two problems. Yoshimi has asserted, "The Japanese Imperial Army feared most that the simmering discontentment of the soldiers could explode into a riot and revolt. That is why it provided women".
Nov 23, She still remembers the blue and purple fabric of that dress, but other memories from those years are more traumatic. Now 90 years old, Lee says she feels like a sincere apology from Japanese authorities for the wartime exploitation of so-called "comfort women" is no nearer now than when she returned home more than 70 years ago.
Japan says the claims have been settled by past agreements and apologies, and that the continued controversy threatens relations between the two countries. Some historians estimate up toKorean women were forced into sex slavery during Japan's occupation from to Now with only 27 registered South Korean survivors still alive, there is a sense of urgency behind efforts by the women to receive a formal apology as well as legal compensation from Japan while their voices can still be heard.
Just days before Reuters interviewed Lee at her one-room apartment in the southern city of Daegu, a fellow victim had died, one of six so far in Another survivor, Kim Bok-dong, said she wanted to share her story, but suffering from cancer and expected to live only a few more months, she was unable to find time to speak.
A South Korean panel late last year concluded a separate deal between South Korea and Japan failed to meet the needs of former "comfort women".
Acting on that conclusion, the South Korean government this week shut down a fund created under the deal and vowed to pursue a more "victim-oriented" approach, a move Japan said threatened the two countries' relations.
A sense of shame and secrecy meant most tales of abuse and coercion at Japan's official brothels were never discussed publicly, until Kim Hak-sun, one of the South Korean victims, came forward in She and two other former comfort women joined a class action lawsuit against Japan, which prompted the Japanese government to acknowledge its role for the first time.
The case was eventually dismissed by Japan's highest courts in Lee was one of the survivors emboldened by Kim's move, and has since worked to raise awareness, including meeting the Pope and travelling to North Korea to meet other victims.
While a number of survivors have accepted compensation over the years, many South Koreans see the issue as unresolved because of what they consider as a lack of sincerity from the Japanese government.
Despite apologies from Japan, for example, the first comfort women fund was criticized in South Korea for not being direct compensation from the state, and the deal was faulted for failing to include a clear statement of the Japanese government's legal responsibility.
Japan says South Korea had waived all claims in the pact, and that under the deal, Japan agreed to provide the funds to help the women heal "psychological wounds". Shuttering the Japan-funded foundation is one of the most significant steps President Moon Jae-in's administration has taken as it revisits the comfort women controversy.
In the past year, South Korea has also opened a new research centre aimed at consolidating academic study of comfort women, named the first Comfort Women Day and unveiled a new memorial in Cheonan, a city south of Seoul. Moon's efforts, however, have faced pushback from Japanese officials, including Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
Earlier this year, Japan formally complained after South Korea's foreign minister raised the issue in a speech at the United Nations.
Japanese officials have expressed frustration at what they see as the South Korean government's changing positions and efforts to revisit settled agreements.In , Allied forces captured twenty Korean comfort women and two Japanese comfort station owners in Burma and issued Report no.
According to the report, Korean girls were deceived into being used as comfort women by the Japanese; in , there were about girls trafficked from Korea to Burma in this manner of obtaining comfort women.
Estimates of the number of "comfort women" range from 80, to , Continuing Tensions Over "Comfort Women" The operation of the "comfort stations" during World War II has been one that the Japanese government has been reluctant to admit.
During World War II, approximately two hundred thousand women were forced into sexual slavery by Japan's armed forces. Euphemistically called "Comfort Women," these women were enslaved in "Comfort Stations set up throughout East Asia by the Japanese military from the invasion of Manchuria in the late 's until the end of the Second World War/5(5).
History of Comfort Women during World War II As the full-scale war was advanced, Japan felt the necessity of the military sexual slaves, and, ultimately, invented the comfort system for the purposes 5 of (1) protecting the local women.
Essay on Korean Comfort Women Words | 11 Pages Comfort women, or ianfu as they are called in Korean, are females who were forced sex slaves for the Japanese Imperial Army (Chunghee). Estimates of the number of "comfort women" range from 80, to , Continuing Tensions Over "Comfort Women" The operation of the "comfort stations" during World War II has been one that the Japanese government has been reluctant to admit.