Increased blood pressure binge drinking, in particular, has been associated with dangerous surges in blood pressure. Increased risk for acute hemorrhaging and ischemic stroke. Increased risk of death.
These risk factors were, in general, more important for excessive drinking than for frequency of drinking. The greater the number of room-mates, the higher the risk of frequent and abusive drinking behaviour. There was one exception to these college environmental factors: This could be due to the collinearity with living on the campus and the number of room-mates: We checked this issue in two ways.
Second, we compared the two campuses, the one in Louvain-la-Neuve, which is mainly a student town and is known to expose students to numerous drinking opportunities, with the one in Brussels, which has a much more mixed population, controlling for all other variables of Model 1.
There was a small intra-class correlation linked to the study programme and this was more important for abusive drinking 0. The more a student was involved in traditional student folklore, the more frequent his or her drinking behaviour, even at the intermediate level of involvement.
More frequent pre-partying was associated with increased drinking: However, not all university involvement increased drinking frequency. Drinking was more frequent as the number of positive consequences increased and as drinking norms became more favourable to drinking.
In most cases, controlling for social engagement, normative, and experiential factors led to a reduction in the risk associated with the college environment. The effect of living arrangements became insignificant or very small.
In most cases, the ORs were only slightly affected: Pre-partying frequency was not affected by this kind of sensitivity analysis. Discussion Main findings This study confirmed that excessive alcohol consumption is common among college students, with an average of 3 episodes of abusive drinking per month.
Greater exposure to college environmental factors, such as living on the campus, a longer spell at university meant more frequent drinking. These community risk factors were more pronounced for excessive drinking patterns than for the quantity or frequency of drinking.
Time had a double and mixed effect: These effects of college environmental factors were partly explained by social-involvement, experiential, and normative expectations: Consistency with previous studies The role of living arrangements has been shown in previous American [ 31 ], European [ 1032 ], and cross-comparative [ 333 ] studies in which living with parents, not living on the campus, and not living in fraternity and sorority houses protected against heavy or abusive drinking.
We found that living on the campus was a more potent predictor of frequent abusive drinking than living in a dormitory both in model 1 and model 2. On the surface, this might seem to contradict a previous European review [ 10 ].
However, this is in part because of the strong association between living on the campus and living in a dormitory. This is also consistent with the Harvard School of Public Health college alcohol study which found that living off-campus was a stronger and more significant factor than staying in a dormitory [ 31 ].
The finding that the dormitory became non-significant in model 2 suggests that social-involvement, experiential, and normative expectations contribute to explain college environmental factors of drinking behaviours.
Yet, our study shows that the college environment influences drinking behaviour in a much more complex way that involves not only where students live but also the kind of living arrangements, participation in traditional student folklore, the duration of college training, and the type of faculty in which the student is studying.
In particular, living in a dormitory with a high number of room-mates and being highly involved in traditional student folklore also play a role in the frequency of abusive drinking.
There is thus not one college environmental risk factor but several that relate to different aspects of student life. The role of dormitory size needs, in particular, to be emphasized and could be explained by innovation diffusion.
As adolescent social network studies have shown, teenagers who have a denser social network are more likely to drink than those with less dense social networks [ 34 ]. The finding on that pre-partying contribution to the relationship between college environmental factors and frequency of abusive drinking supports this hypothesis.
As in previous studies [ 15 ], pre-partying was revealed to be a common practice contributing to both drinking behaviour and the influence of community factors on drinking behaviour.
College students pre-party to ease the discomfort or awkwardness associated with meeting new people. Our study shows that abusive drinking increased with the period attending the college, whereas it decreased with age.
These two opposite effects were of similar magnitude: Few studies have controlled for the time spent in college, so that the protective maturing effect of age was confounded by the risk attached to the time spent attending college.Health and behavioral consequences of binge drinking in college.
A national survey of students at campuses: Citation. Wechsler H, Davenport A, Dowdall G, Moeykens B, Castillo S. J. Am.
Med. Assoc. JAMA ; (21): Affiliation. The Dangers of Binge Drinking. Too many young people are participating in a dangerous practice called binge drinking. It means drinking alcohol to the point of getting drunk.
It's defined as having 5 or more drinks in a row for men. For women, it's 4 or more drinks in a row. Health and Behavioral Consequences of Binge Drinking in College A National Survey of Students at Campuses. 14 Pages. Health and Behavioral Consequences of Binge Drinking in College A National Survey of Students at .
Changes in Binge Drinking and Related Problems Among American College Students Between and Dowdall G, Moeykens B, Castillo S. Health and behavioral consequences of binge drinking in college: A national survey of students at campuses.
and illicit drug use and involvement in college athletics: A survey of students at Survey Objective — To examine the extent of binge drinking by college students and the ensuing health and behavioral problems that binge drinkers .
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