The war was primarily a territorial dispute caused by the United States' policy of manifest destiny.
The primary causes of the Mexican-American War were mainfest destiny, westward expansion, economics, and slavery. Throughout the nineteenth century, Americans believed in manifest destiny, asserting that it was the United States' right to expand westward and conquer territory despite the rights of the indigenous people already residing on the land.
In the election ofpresidential nominee James K. Polk promised to re-annex Texas if he was elected President. Following the campaign, newly elected President Polk adopted the same policy of his predecessor, John Tyler, and aimed to annex Texas and other territories in the West.
In addition, several American citizens previously settled in Texas since they believed the United States would eventually annex the territory. By settling in Texas, these individuals planned to sell their land at higher prices to Americans once the territory became part of the United States.
Additionly, the settlers were able to profit from trade opportunities in the West. Another cause of the war was slavery. American citizens in the south wished to gain more "slave states" in order to increase their political power.
Prior to the Mexican-American War, Mexico suffered from many internal difficulties. InMexico gained independence from Spain; however, the struggle caused severe economic hardships.
InMexicans replaced their monarchy with a constitutional republic, which created internal political struggles between different factions.
Since Mexico was preoccupied with internal economic and political challenges, the nation focused little attention on the northern territories acquired from the war with Spain. As a result, tensions arose between the central government and frontier communities.
It is clear that all of these challenges caused Texas to acquire independence, which exacerbated the relations between Mexico and the United States.The Mexican Revolution (Spanish: Revolución mexicana), also known as the Mexican Civil War (Spanish: guerra civil mexicana), was a major armed struggle, lasting roughly from to , that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.
Impact of the Mexican-American War. The Mexican-American War had a significant impact on the United States and Mexico. The war was primarily a territorial dispute caused by the United States' policy of manifest destiny.
Civil Disobedience study guide contains a biography of Henry David Thoreau, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
In retrospect, it's clear that a chain of events that began with James Polk's election and the Mexican-American War ended in irreconcilable sectional conflict and Civil War. Yet the potency of Manifest Destiny persisted long after the Civil War had concluded.
The Mexican Revolution, which began in , was one of the great revolutionary upheavals of the twentieth century. Alan Knight | Published in History Today Volume 30 Issue 5 May To read this article in full you need to be either a print + archive subscriber, or .
of the events in the western territories and the coming of the Civil War.
Although the essay falters slightly toward the end, it is an excellent treatment of the question and belongs in the top category.