The Central Government shall be competent to legislate and execute the following matters: National defense and military affairs bearing on national defense. Nationality law and criminal, civil, and commercial laws. Aviation, national highways, State-owned railways, navigation, and postal and telecommunication services.
Graphic way of organizing concepts proposed during brainstorming. Co-op Co-op Cooperative learning method where teams work to prepare and present a topic to the whole class.
Emphasis is on student selection of topics, partners, division of labor, methods of presentation, etc. Coaching Model A model of instruction where the teacher is a guide and collaborator in the student's learning, not the sole director. Implementing the Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach Cognitive Apprenticeship Cognitive apprenticeships take many forms, but the two key components are social interactions to allow students to work on problems that may be too difficult for them to handle individually, and a focus on real world problems using real-world tools.
Cognitive Apprenticeship Cognitive Dissonance Leon Festinger proposed this model to explain why people change their beliefs when two or more of their beliefs are in conflict with each other.
Cognitive Dissonance Cognitive Learning Models Based on the philosophy that learning occurs when there are changes in mental structure. Learning occurs as the result of interactions between the learner and the environment.
Cognitive Map The psychological definition of a cognitive map is the framework in the human mind through which we interpret objects, events, and concepts. The phrase "cognitive mapping" has also been used to describe concept maps. Collaborative Learning Any kind of work that involves two or more students.
Collaborative Stories Collages Students gather images clippings from magazines, photographs, or their own drawings and organize them to illustrate a concept or point of view.
Collections Could be after class student project or could be classification of classroom collection books or plants, for example. Collective Notebook A notebook maintained by a group in which each member of the group is expected to add an idea or observation during a specified time period typically each day or each week.
The contents of the notebook are regularly shared or published and discussed. Color-by-Number Color Coding Labeling learning materials or concepts with color tags to assist identifying objects or ideas that belong together.
Colored Paper Grouping A method for randomly assigning students to groups in which pieces of colored paper are passed out to students, then students with papers of the same color get toether. Comic Books Useful for engaging visual learners and encouraging a wide variety of students to become involved in discussions of literature and the wide range of social, scientific, and historical topics covered in comic books.May 31, · translation techniques methods procedures: I don't think of translation theories.
The two all-important prerequisites for a good translation are: understand the source text; know the right equivalent for each word or expression - whichever is more important in the given context. Articles for language translators, interpreters, proofreaders, linguists.
Directory of free articles about Translation Theory at leslutinsduphoenix.com Just as there are different types of translation and different methods of translation, there are different techniques of translation. Translation methods vs translation techniques What is the difference between a translation method and a technique?
Translation Techniques. Peter Newmark Approaches to Translation. Translation Universals Do They Exist. Translation Today. Different Approaches to Translation Here we put these approaches into two different categories.
The first is the same as strategies because it means how to deal with texts in order to translate and the second . Friedrich Schleiermacher s Lecture On Schleiermacher distinguishes two different ways of translating: either the translator Thus, for Schleiermacher the goal of translation lies in the approximation of two persons and in enabling interpersonal comprehension.
Schleiermacher understands the text.
Chromatography is a laboratory technique for the separation of a mixture. The mixture is dissolved in a fluid called the mobile phase, which carries it through a structure holding another material called the stationary phase.
The various constituents of the mixture travel at different .