A description of the alzheimer disease and its causes

These clumps of a protein called beta-amyloid may damage and destroy brain cells in several ways, including interfering with cell-to-cell communication. Brain cells depend on an internal support and transport system to carry nutrients and other essential materials throughout their long extensions. This system requires the normal structure and functioning of a protein called tau.

A description of the alzheimer disease and its causes

It involves plaques and tangles forming in the brain. Symptoms start gradually and are most likely to include a decline in cognitive function and language ability. People can have more than one type of dementia. Other assessments may include a blood or urine test, a CT or MRI scan of the brain, and screening for depression.

What is your age? What is the time, to the nearest hour? What is the year? What is the name of the hospital or town we are in?

Can you recognize two people, for example, the doctor, nurse, or carer? What is your date of birth? In which year did a well-known historical event happen? Count backward from 20 down to 1 Repeat an address at the end of the test that I will give you now for example, "42 West Street" A number of assessment tools are available to assess cognitive function.

Genetic testing In some cases, genetic testing may be appropriate. Using this test early could indicate the likelihood of someone having or developing the disease. However, the test is controversial, and the results are not entirely reliable.

The death of brain cells cannot be reversed. However, there are therapeutic interventions that can make it easier for people to live with the disease. Cholinesterase inhibitors that are approved for symptomatic relief in the U.

Donepezil Aricept Rivastigmine Exelon Tacrine Cognex A different kind of drug, memantine Namendaan NMDA receptor antagonist, may also be usedalone or in combination with a cholinesterase inhibitor.

A description of the alzheimer disease and its causes

Other therapy The need for quality-of-life care becomes more important as the person becomes less able to live independently. It is a neurodegenerative disease, which means there is progressive brain cell death that happens over time.

A description of the alzheimer disease and its causes

The plaques are found between the dying brain cells, and they are made from a protein known as beta-amyloid. The tangles occur within the nerve cells, and they are made from another protein, called tau. Researchers do not fully understand why these changes occur.

Several different factors are believed to be involved. You can access it here. Risk factors Unavoidable risk factors for developing the condition include:Dying for a Hamburger: Modern Meat Processing and the Epidemic of Alzheimer's Disease [MD Murray Waldman, Marjorie Lamb] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

One in ten people older than sixty-five, and nearly half of those older than eighty-five, have Alzheimer's disease. It's widely accepted nowadays that memory loss comes with age.

Swollen ankles and swollen feet can be caused by a variety of things such as pregnancy, medications, diseases (congestive heart failure, diabetes).

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Treatment depends on the cause. Alzheimer Disease. Sherrington et al. () identified 5 different missense mutations in the PSEN1 gene that cosegregated with early-onset familial Alzheimer disease type 3 ().Because these changes occurred in conserved domains of this gene and were not present in normal controls, they were considered to be causative of disease.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a slowly progressive disease of the brain that is characterized by impairment of memory and eventually by disturbances in reasoning, planning, language, and perception. Although the causes of Alzheimer's aren't yet fully understood, its effect on the brain is clear.

Learning Objectives

Alzheimer's disease damages and kills brain cells. A brain affected by Alzheimer's disease has many fewer cells and many fewer connections among surviving cells than does a healthy brain.

Scientists believe that many factors influence when Alzheimer's disease begins and how it progresses.. Increasing age is the most important known risk factor for Alzheimer's. The number of people with the disease doubles every 5 years beyond age

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